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Rural vitalization ramps up

Author  :  ZHANG WEI     Source  :    Chinese Social Sciences Today     2021-03-29

With absolute poverty eradicated in China, the focus of the country’s work relating to agriculture, rural areas, and rural people will gradually shift from poverty alleviation to the comprehensive implementation of the rural vitalization strategy.

According to the World Bank, China has contributed more than 70% of the world’s poverty reduction. Wei Houkai, director of the Rural Development Institute at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that China has not only eliminated absolute poverty in rural areas under the current standards, but also created Chinese wisdom and Chinese solutions for targeted poverty reduction and alleviation, providing reference for a broad range of developing countries.

Consolidating the achievements of poverty alleviation, preventing the risk of returning to poverty, and addressing relative poverty will be important tasks for anti-poverty work in the future.

From the perspective of Zhang Lijun, dean of the School of Economics at Minzu University of China, establishing a monitoring mechanism and a long-term mechanism to prevent the return of poverty is vital for consolidating poverty alleviation results. It is also significant for developing and implementing poverty alleviation policies in the next stage.

To comprehensively implement the rural vitalization strategy in the new era, the main challenge is to maintain the results of poverty alleviation and consolidate and expand the results of poverty alleviation to effectively align with rural vitalization, said Cheng Huadong, Party secretary of the College of Marxism at Huazhong Agricultural University. Narrowing the development gap between poverty-stricken areas and non-poverty areas, and “achieving more substantial progress in common prosperity for everyone” is an urgent problem that must be solved.

Wei said that during the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021–2025) period, China’s rural development needs to focus on solving the following problems: consolidating the foundation of basic agricultural and rural modernization; transitioning from poverty alleviation to rural vitalization; solving the problems of food security and increasing rural incomes; and scaling up rural reform from the current piloting phase to a new stage of comprehensive implementation.

Zhang Qi, director of the China Institute for Poverty Reduction at Beijing Normal University, suggested consolidating and expanding the achievements of poverty alleviation in the process of comprehensively promoting rural vitalization.

Wei suggested accelerating the transition from a moderately prosperous society in all respects to a relatively wealthy society in accordance with the basic requirements of modernization, with high-quality development as the orientation, high-quality life as the goal, high-efficiency governance as the means, and all-around innovation as the driving force.

Editor: Yu Hui

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